Although forex trading has the potential to be very profitable, there is also a risk of financial loss. Implement these 10 forex risk management strategies early enough before starting a forex trade—you should have some form of strategy in place from the very beginning if you want to avoid ever suffering an irreversible loss on your investment in the financial markets due to inadequate planning or lack thereof!
A trader’s first priority is to always remain competitive, regardless of the foreign exchange risk. Don’t ignore this one because it will help to ensure your longevity: a strong foreign currency strategy, restraint with regard to financial risk exposure, and technical analysis of the fine print in the financial statements.
What is risk management in forex trade?
Your objective in the learning phase is to maintain positive cash flows, limit losses, and look for sound risk parameters. When you determine what it signifies from a fundamental analysis perspective, this will assist lay a framework for that as well!
The more experienced trader understands how crucial it is to avoid danger, what forex risks are and unexpected currency exchange rate fluctuations, as well as the temptation of digging unnecessarily deep holes or getting destroyed by them. Even if your approach is effective, you could not be following the guidelines for controlling risks, which is preventing you from becoming a more successful investor.
Risky business is forex trading. However, you may reduce your economic risk to nearly nothing with the appropriate information and approach. It is important you implement these forex risk management strategies before you move drom Demo account to a Live Account. Here are a few examples.
#1 Build a good trading plan
In this volatile market, having a trading strategy can mean the difference between success and failure. Your decision-making tool should provide answers to crucial issues like what, when, why, and how much you should trade.
It’s critical to choose a plan that works with your personality and situation. Reviewing various trading methods could be useful before launching your own. Just make sure to keep in mind their goals and frame of mind and refrain from replicating them exactly.
Keeping a trading journal is an excellent way to keep track of everything that happens when you trade, from entry and exit points to your emotional state.
#2 Only trade money you don’t need
Among the top 3 forex risk management strategies, you should never put more in danger than what is in your bank account. Remember the first rule of forex trading: only invest money in trades if you can afford to lose it all. You can think it won’t happen to you.
If trading were like casino gambling, you wouldn’t bring all of your cash there to bet on black, would you? It’s the same with trading; don’t expose yourself to undue market risk by spending funds that you depend on to support yourself.
Both because it’s possible to lose all of your trading money and because doing so will put you under more pressure and emotional stress, which will impair your ability to make rational decisions and increase the likelihood that you’ll make mistakes.
Given the turbulence of the foreign exchange markets, it is preferable to trade “conservative sums” from your available funds. Trading is sadly not for you if you can’t afford to lose your trading capital.
#3 Always use stop-loss and limit orders
Protecting your downside is simply common sense and number third on your forex risk management strategies.
The forex market is notoriously unpredictable, therefore it’s crucial to choose your entry and exit locations before you initiate a transaction. Orders tell your broker to execute a transaction when the price in the underlying market reaches a specific level. Here is a reminder of how stop and limit orders operate:
- If the market moves against you, stop orders will immediately close your position. There is, however, no assurance against slippage.
- When the price reaches your selected level, limit orders will close your position and follow your profit objective.
You can leave your trading screen with a better frame of mind knowing that there is some security in place and that you have implemented some forex trading strategies.
You may sense-check the deal versus your trading plan using this approach.
#4 Trailing stop loss
This approach entails modifying the stop-loss on a position as the value of the holdings rises, a procedure that is frequently handled manually. For instance, if you establish trade with a stop-loss and the value of the currency pair rises by 2%, you can choose to place a trailing stop-loss at a 1.8 % profit, locking in a portion of the profit but allowing the position room to rise in value further. You may keep raising your stop-loss as the position’s value increases to maximise possible gains and lower risk.
Accepting a blow can be challenging, but a stop-loss essentially means learning to roll with the punches. It is a crucial component of any risk management plan.
#5 Customize your contracts
There are countless trading methodologies that can be used. While some trading strategies need you to employ a very particular stop loss and profit objective on each transaction you make, others have a much wider range of requirements. For instance, it would be simple to determine how many contracts you might need to enter to attain your target outcome if you exclusively trade the EUR/USD and your trading strategy asks for a 20-pip stop loss on each trade. Calculating how many contracts to enter can be a little challenging for strategies that differ in the size of stops or even the traded instrument.
Customizing your position sizes is one of the simplest ways to ensure that you are putting as little money at risk on each transaction as possible. A micro lot is 10,000 units, but a regular lot in a currency trade is 100,000 units, which corresponds to £10/pip on the EUR/USD if you are using the USD as your base currency.
Standard lots would make it impossible for you to trade with a risk of £15 per pip on a EUR/USD trade, which may compel you to place a trade with an unfavourable risk level. However, mini and micro-lots would allow you to trade with the risk level you wish. The same might be argued if you wanted to risk £12.50 per pip on a trade; standard and mini lots don’t assist you to get the outcome you want, but micro-lots might.
Having the freedom to take calculated risks at the appropriate times could be crucial to your trading success.
#6 Think about your risk tolerance
Anyone who wants to trade in any market must decide for themselves if they want to. When addressing risk management, which is one of the most important aspects of good trading but is all too commonly ignored, most trading instructors will use percentages like 1%, 2%, etc.
Up to 5% of the total value of your account may be at risk with any transaction you make, though how comfortable you are dealing with these sums much depends on your degree of experience. Since rookie traders tend to be less confident in their abilities due to lack of experience and unfamiliarity with either trading generally or a new system, it makes logical to employ the lower per cent risk levels for them.
As you become more familiar with the strategy you’re doing, you could feel the desire to increase your percentage, but be careful not to overdo it. Trading techniques can cause a run of losses even when the goal is to either realise a return or keep enough capital to perform the following trade.
If your trading plan calls for making one trade per day on average, risking 10% of your starting monthly amount on each trade, it would theoretically only take 10 consecutive losing trades to completely empty your account. So even if you are a skilled trader, it doesn’t make much sense to risk so much on one trade.
However, if you were to take a 2 per cent risk on each trade you made, it would theoretically take 50 consecutive losing trades for your account to be depleted. Do you think it’s more likely to lose 50 deals or 10 transactions in a row?
#7 Set your risk/reward ratio to a minimum of 1:2
Your chances of long-term profitability will increase if you are aware of the risk/reward ratio (RRR). You can also make stop-loss and limit orders to safeguard your capital. The distance between your entry point and your take-profit and stop-loss orders is measured and compared using an RRR.
Your capital should be worth the risk you incur in every trade. Your goal should be to make more money than you lose, which will allow you to win overall even if some deals don’t work out. Your risk-reward ratio should be defined as part of your forex trading strategy to determine the trade’s value.
Compare the amount of money you’re risking on an FX deal to the possible gain to determine the ratio. The risk-reward ratio, for instance, is 1:3 if the maximum possible loss (risk) on trade is £200 and the maximum possible gain is £600. Therefore, even though you were only right 30% of the time, you would have made £400 if you made ten transactions using this ratio and were successful on just three of them.
According to your risk tolerance, the risk/reward ratio is a crucial tool for setting your stop-loss and take-profit orders, and every shrewd trader should manage the downside risk.
#8 Control your risk per trade
When you’re new to trading and more likely to make mistakes than an experienced trader, you should also take into account your risk per trade as a proportion of your trading capital and set it at a prudent level.
A decent beginning point would be to not risk more than 1% of your available money per trade. You should only risk a little amount of your trading capital per deal. Applying sound RRR entails taking a 1 per cent risk for a potential 3 per cent return.
Here is how three different per-trade risk levels—1%, 2%, and 10%—affect a £100,000 account balance over the course of a 30-trade losing streak. A trader taking a 10% per trade risk has lost 95.3 per cent of their account balance, a trader taking a 2% per trade risk has lost 44.3 per cent, and a trader taking a 1% per trade risk has lost 25.2 per cent.
We’re demonstrating this to demonstrate that the higher a trader’s risk per trade, the more difficult it is to recover capital following a string of losing trades. Although a losing streak of 30 trades in a row is extremely unlikely, losing streaks do happen to all traders at some point, and you don’t want them to wipe out all of your capital, leaving you unable to recover.
#9 Keep your risk consistent as part of your forex risk management strategies
One of the best methods to completely wipe out your account is for newbies to typically increase the size of their positions as soon as they start to make gains. Consistency in risk is key.
Avoid becoming overconfident and less risk-averse because doing so will cause you to alter your money and risk management policies without good justification.
You had to establish rules when developing your trading strategy in fx to determine the appropriate size for your positions. This is only the first stage in developing an effective trading strategy; now you must adhere to and carry out your trading plan!
#10 Understand and control leverage
Spot Forex, CFDs, and spread bets are the three margin products that successful traders frequently use; they are all leveraged products.
Due to margin trading, leverage refers to the ability to trade with amounts greater than your initial deposit. Only a tiny fraction of the total amount of the position you intend to open will be requested as collateral from you by your forex broker.
Leverage can quickly increase your profits, but keep in mind that it can also quickly increase your losses. This is why it’s important for you to comprehend how leverage and margin trading operate and how they affect your overall trading and success.
Forex traders are frequently persuaded to use high leverage in order to generate significant gains, but if you’re over-leveraged, one swift shift in the market or a minor error could result in an outsized loss.
Select a seasoned forex broker like IMGFX and the dependable MT4 trading platform to get you started on the path to success in the forex market. Create a competitive advantage by adopting a trading approach and a trading plan that lowers transaction risk in the currency markets and is intended to counteract challenging market conditions. If you wish to invest in the forex market, you can open a live account with us. Alternatively, practise trading forex in a risk-free environment with a demo account. Start right away and log in to IMGFX!